When can blackberries be transplanted to a new location?
Blackberries are a distant relative of another berry culture - raspberries. The fruits of wild-growing blackberries are quite tasty, so it has recently begun to be domesticated. The berries have a pleasant, slightly sour taste. They are characterized by juiciness and are used both fresh and processed.... You can make delicious jams, compotes, jellies from blackberries. Also drinks are made from it - syrups, juices, liqueurs. In this article, we will take a closer look at how to replant blackberries in spring and autumn.
This plant is unpretentious in terms of lack of moisture. Having a strong root system, blackberries easily tolerate drought.
What time can blackberries be transplanted
Observing the transplant rules, blackberries can be transplanted at any time: both in spring and autumn.... It all depends on the climatic conditions of a particular region.
When transplanting blackberries in spring this must be done before bud break. It is undesirable to disturb the plant in May. This month there is an active sap flow, and careless actions will damage the plant.
In autumn, the most favorable period for transplanting is third decade of September - early October. They practice autumn transplanting in areas where the early frosts are not so strong. For winter Blackberries must be covered - this also applies to frost-resistant varieties. Blackberries should be transplanted a month before the onset of frost. In this case, the plant will have time to adapt to new conditions.
Transplant in spring
Some blackberry varieties are recommended to be replanted only in early spring. For example - thornless varieties. Blackberry roots are quite tender and brittle, therefore, it is important to transplant it together with a clod of earth. Then the blackberry will take root well and will not freeze.
Blackberries are transplanted in the spring in the following ways: division of the mother bush or root processes. These operations are carried out when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed. Plants are planted with a distance of 11 cm between the bushes. The planting pit is fertilized well, but the roots of the blackberry should not come into contact with the fertilizer directly.
The soil under the blackberry bushes should be loose and well-drained.
At the transplant site, all weeds are removed and furrows are dug up to a depth of 30 cm. Compost or old manure mixed with soil is added to this trench. When transplanting, the roots of the plant are straightened, making sure that they are located horizontally, covered with earth and compacted... The upper bud is placed 2 cm above the ground.
If a spring transplant is carried out with cuttings, they are settled in a prepared trench and covered with a layer of soil (up to 8 cm). The planting is covered with a layer of mulch, which includes sawdust, hay, humus.
Transplant in the fall
Transplanting in the fall is practiced in areas where the fall is long and warm. In this case, the transplanted bush or stalk has time to adapt before frost. When transplanting in the fall, blackberries are covered for the winter.... This also applies to frost-resistant varieties. Frost-resistant varieties are covered if frosts down to -20 degrees are possible. Simple curly blackberries die at -10 degrees of frost. Thin shoots are removed from the supports, twisted into bunches, spread on the ground and covered.
If an erect blackberry variety is grown, then difficulties may arise with shelter. Indeed, when trying to bend the shoot, it easily breaks at the base. To prevent stem breakage, an artificial mound is poured at its base and shoots are already laid on it.
Another original way is to tie some kind of load to the upper end of the shoot. Under its action, by the beginning of frost, the shoot sinks to the ground.
Shoots that are laid in one way or another are covered with sawdust, hay or straw... Dark polyethylene or roofing felt is spread on top.
Carrying out autumn pruning, cuttings are harvested from lignified shoots that have ripened well.
Regarding the summer blackberry transplant, opinions are divided. Any plant can be transplanted all year round. Therefore, if you do not mind the varieties of the grown blackberries, try it. Only, you must adhere to some recommendations:
- work to be carried out either early in the morning or in the evening, after sunset.
- all actions must be done as quickly as possible... Dug up the plant and replant immediately. Blackberries quickly wither and dry out in the open sun.
- better after transplant artificially shade the plant.
- first time you need water abundantly transplanted bush.
How to transplant blackberries to a new location?
Buds develop on annual shoots of blackberries, and only in the second year fruiting begins. The plant is unpretentious and takes root on any soil. A high-quality harvest depends, first of all, on the correct separation of fruiting and new shoots. According to the methods of dividing shoots, they are distinguished:
- fan forming a bush... Fruiting branches are sent to the sides, and new ones are formed in the center.
- rope shaping... Branches with fruits grow along the stretched wire. New branches, similar to the previous method, grow in the center.
- wave formation... One of the new ways. Branches with berries are placed on the lower rows, and young ones on the upper ones.
Before choosing a blackberry variety and placing it on the site, you must familiarize yourself with the principles of planting it:
- for the bush it is necessary prepare a pit 40x40 cm.
- the roots are covered with a simple soil... The rest of the pit is filled with earth mixed with manure.
- withstand distance between bushes up to 1 m.
- the seedling is cut at a height of 20-25 cm from the soil level.
Breeding work can be carried out throughout the summer and autumn. Planting options for blackberries are distinguished depending on its variety. Creeping blackberry planted by dividing the mother bush, horizontal and apical branches, cuttings. Breeding methods for erect blackberries - division of the mother bush by cuttings and root processes.
- rooting of apical branches... The easiest and most common way to breed blackberries. Any annual shoot with its growing end is pressed into the ground, fixed and covered with earth. The place of fixation is kept moist at all times. The sprinkled end of the shoot does not grow, but begins to take root. After one to two months, new shoots appear, the root system is fully formed. The bush is cut off from the maternal branch and transplanted.
If you were late in carrying out this operation and started it in August or September, then you will have to transplant only next spring. For the winter, the places of the powder are covered with sawdust or leaves.
- rooting of horizontal bends... A horizontal strip of earth is loosened under the bush. An annual shoot is bent to it and strengthened. Sprinkle and maintain moisture in this place. After the same one or two months, they are cut off and cut into several pieces and transplanted.
- deposition of root processes... In the spring, new shoots growing from the roots develop on the surface. At the same time, the connection with the mother bush is not lost. Green shoots are dug up from May to June. They are dug up with a clod of earth and transplanted to a new place. The height of the shoots dug up should be from 10 cm. It is better to remove the remaining shoots when loosening the soil.
- division of the mother bush... This method is used if you need to uproot the entire mother bush and transfer the blackberry to a new site. Old shoots with roots are destroyed, and only young ones with a developed root system are transplanted.
Taking care of blackberries after transplanting
The main thing in caring for a blackberry is the right place for planting, watering and timely feeding of the bushes. It is necessary to plant the plant in a place where the soil under the bushes will warm up and there will be no stagnation of water.
In the spring, stagnation of water near the roots can lead to rotting of the plant.... The soil under the bushes must be kept loose.
In order for the bush to develop well, it is necessary to constantly feed with organic fertilizers.
When caring for blackberry bushes, the following recommendations must be observed:
- carry out a garter and pruning bushes.
- because blackberry is not resistant plant shoots cover for the winter... To do this, they are bent to the ground and sprinkled with leaves.
- for gall mite control in the fall, diseased branches are cut off and the bush is sprayed garlic infusion.
- on hot summer days it is recommended spray the bushes with water in the evening... This helps young shoots to get stronger before winter.
- in spring, at the beginning of budding shoots fertilizing with potash fertilizers.
Blackberry is a plant with medicinal properties. The fruits contain niacin, vitamins and minerals. Acts as an antipyretic agent... For medicinal purposes, blackberries are used fresh, as jam and as tea. Berries and young leaves are used.
How to transplant a blackberry: rules and features of the procedure
Blackberries are a relative of raspberries, but unlike them, the cultivation of blackberries in our gardens is not so popular. Blackberry has a specific, slightly sour, but very pleasant taste. They are quite juicy and perfect for compotes and jam. The beneficial properties of the berry deserve that blackberries become no less popular than raspberries. Caring for this shrub is quite simple.
Is it possible to transplant currants in the fall
The younger the plant, the better the result can be expected from transplanting currant bushes in the fall. Engraftment in a new place depends on the temperature of the soil. It shouldn't be frozen. It is important to extract the root from the ground as much as possible whole. A damaged root system reduces the likelihood of engraftment.
You can transplant any currant: red, black, white. The technology for each variety is the same, but due to varietal characteristics, there are nuances.
Plant care rules
Care after transplanting an adult plant will not be difficult. Weeding and loosening of the soil is performed only if there is no mulch.
Important! Watering after transplanting is correct and must be done often: 2 times a week in the absence of rain. After rooting, the plant does not need frequent application of moisture.
Blackberry care is mainly about pruning and covering during the winter cold. Pruning is carried out 3 times a year: after the end of the fruiting period, in the fall, in the spring.
Prune blackberries in autumn no later than September. Fruiting ends around this time. Old shoots that have borne fruit must be removed, they will no longer bear fruit. This work is done at the very base of the plant. Together with them, it is worth removing the recently appeared shoots, choosing the most weakened and thinnest. In general, the bush should consist of 8 of the strongest shoots, which must also be shortened by 20 cm.
Interesting to know! From a cut off shoot, you can get a cutting, which, if properly stored and prepared, can be planted in spring as a new plant.
Despite the fact that blackberries have high frost-resistant qualities, a shelter will be required for the winter. To do this, you need to prepare a high layer of mulch, which covers the shoots neatly laid on the ground.
In the spring, this layer is removed and the bush is inspected for damage. Shoots damaged in winter must be cut off immediately.
Growing blackberries is easy enough. Special care of the plant is not required, it is important to transplant it on time and correctly, prune it and provide shelter for the winter period. Labor will be rewarded with a bountiful and tasty harvest.
Types of blackberries
Without exception, all blackberry varieties can be divided into three main types: kumanika (differs in erect stems), dewberry (with weaving branches) and semi-creeping intermediate species.
Kumanika is a plant with erect stems, which is characterized by propagation by root shoots. It is to this group that most varieties belong that easily survive the winter, even if they are not covered. For example, one of the most resistant varieties is Flint, which can withstand temperatures as low as -40 degrees.
Creeping shoots with large and juicy berries are characteristic of the dewweed. These varieties can be propagated by cuttings or by rooting the tops. Garden blackberries of these varieties are more productive, but they endure the winter harder, they must be protected from frost.
If we talk about intermediate forms, then more than enough of them have appeared recently. They differ slightly in terms of fruiting time, fruit shape, degree of resistance to pests and diseases.
And recently, something new has appeared: now blackberries without thorns are available to gardeners. The berries on such plants are absolutely not inferior in taste and marketability to their prickly counterparts, but the harvesting process is simplified by far.
Secrets of successfully planting blackberries in the fall
Perennial berry bushes are usually planted in 2 terms - in autumn and spring. Newbie gardeners are afraid to plant blackberries for the winter, while experienced gardeners, on the contrary, choose autumn as the best time to start a new garden. Oddly enough, both sides are right - each method has its own advantages. The choice of the optimal timing is tied to objective circumstances.
Benefits of autumn planting
The choice of the optimal timing for planting a new bed of blackberries is no different from other crops.
Benefits of planting in the fall:
- Large selection of planting material... Nurseries and horticultural shops fill the market with seedlings - by the spring season there is a shortage of many varieties, there is an illiquid stock, which in many cases has hardly endured the winter
- Soil moisture... After the autumn planting, the blackberry bush does not need watering until next year - snow and rains provide enough moisture
- Root system in winter, slowly, but develops - in the spring the blackberry meets well-rooted and significantly outstrips the bushes of spring planting in growth
- Less worries... There is no need to worry about the safety of the planting material.
Depending on the climatic conditions, the autumn planting of blackberries is carried out at different times:
- in the Central region - from the 2nd decade of October to mid-November
- in Krasnodar, planting continues until mid-December.
Prerequisites specifically for blackberries are warmed up and prepared soil. As for the first point, autumn is better; in spring it is easy to miss the moment when the soil has already warmed up, but the sweltering heat has not come.
In the fall, it is simply not necessary to talk about the need to control soil heating. As for the preparation of the site, the conditions here are rather equal, for spring planting, you can prepare the site in the fall, and in the fall 2-3 weeks before planting.
How to choose and prepare a place for blackberries
The site for planting blackberries must be selected and prepared correctly. The best place for culture is a sunny, sheltered area of the garden.
Blackberries take root hard in arid areas, but stagnant water is even more destructive for it - the roots rot and the bush dies. The depth of the groundwater should not be higher than 1.5 m.
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A site along the fence, located on the south or southwest side of the site, is well suited.
The berry bush feels great on fertile loams. Conditions for good growth of the bush and high yields are prepared in advance - they dig up the soil by 0.5 m and apply fertilizers:
- 5 kg. rotted manure or compost
- 150 g superphosphate
- 50 g of potassium salts *.
* Proportions are indicated per 1 planting pit
The introduced top dressing is well mixed with the soil. The presented dose of fertilizers is sufficient for 3-4 years of growing season.
How to choose seedlings for autumn planting
The accumulated long-term experience of planting blackberry bushes for the winter shows that frost-resistant varieties take root well with almost a 100% guarantee - they should be given preference to gardeners of the Central region and Siberia.
Criteria for the successful selection of planting material:
- for planting, only zoned varieties of berry bushes should be purchased
- choosing from zoned ones, it should be borne in mind that erect (or semi-glazed) blackberry varieties tolerate cold winters much better
- for a more comfortable planting and subsequent care, it is better to choose varieties without thorns. It is important to remember that thornless varieties should be bred with stem cuttings. When using root cuttings, the output may result in a plant with thorns.
- when choosing between ordinary and remontant varieties, it should be borne in mind that the formation of berries on 1-year-old shoots requires careful care and adherence to the feeding regime of the bushes. On the other hand, remontant plants get sick less, hybrids have a high natural level of immunity.
- Depending on their own preferences, when buying seedlings of a new variety, gardeners take into account the tendency to shoot formation, high or low.
The main selection criterion: 1-year-old seedling with a developed root system should have several shoots at least 0.5 cm thick. Preference should be given to seedlings with a closed root system (in a planting container) - such plants take root with an survival rate close to 100%.
For powerful blackberry bushes with long shoots up to 4.0 ... 5.0 m thickening of plantings is unacceptable:
- the feeding area decreases
- the plant receives less sunlight
- difficult to care for the landing.
As a result of thickening, the yield decreases, the bushes get sick.
With a single planting of bushes, it is necessary to leave a distance of about 2.0 m in each direction from the planting pit. The distance to the nearest buildings, including fences, should not be less than 1.5 meters.
For convenient placement of berry bushes on a trellis, blackberries are planted in rows. The distance between the seedlings depends on the variety and type of plant, the features of the trellis arrangement and agricultural techniques.
Upright species (most of them are remontant)
Creeping and semi-creeping forms
Industrial plantations with intensive farming
* Data are indicated under conditions of cultivation in private farms and manual processing of plantings.
A high density of plants (40-45 bushes per 1 hundred square meters) is possible only with intensive agricultural technology - drip irrigation, intensive fertilizing, etc.
Planting blackberries in the fall: step by step instructions
A plot for blackberries is prepared in advance. It is necessary to dig deep into the area, select roots and weeds. If necessary, sand or rotten sawdust is added to the clayey heavy soil to give the soil a loose structure.
- For each seedling prepare a pit 50 cm in the crossbar and 30 ... 40 cm in depth
- Add fertilizers, mix the contents well with a shovel
- The seedling is carefully removed from the container or film. Roots (dry edges) are shortened with pruning shears
- It is recommended to dip seedlings with an open root system in a creamy mash made of water, clay and mullein (ratio 5: 2: 1). Before using clay talker, to protect against parasites and supply additional oxygen to the roots, you can hold the root system of the seedling for several minutes in a solution of hydrogen peroxide (a teaspoon of 3% hydrogen peroxide per 1 liter of water)
- Each planting hole is watered with at least 10 liters. water
- When the water is absorbed, a mound is formed from the soil, the seedling is carefully placed, the roots are straightened and covered with soil by 2/3. The seedling is planted with a slight deepening - the root collar should be deepened by 2 ... 3 cm.
- Water again (5 l.) And fill the hole with the remnants of the extracted soil
- The soil is compacted so that air pockets do not form.
- The planting site is mulched with peat, straw, humus or compost, and regular watering is carried out for 40-50 days.
After the first frost, the plantings are covered with an additional layer of mulch of at least 15 cm. Earlier use of mulch is undesirable, because the stem may begin to form roots over the entire area of contact with the mulch and will not have time to take root.
Frost protection for autumn planting
Having planted a blackberry in the fall, it is important to protect it from frost, so that from the beginning of spring, young bushes begin to actively increase the green mass.
In regions with snowy winters, additional protection is not required. If the snow cover is less than 30 cm, then the seedlings are bent to the ground and covered with non-woven material, and the soil, immediately before frost, is covered with a thick layer of mulch. In the spring, the shelter must be removed immediately after the onset of above-zero temperature in order to prevent the shoots from heating up.
Landing differences in different areas
There are certain features of planting blackberries for regions with different climatic conditions.
Risk factors: lack of moisture, dry wind
Ways to solve the problem: late planting (until mid-December) with high-quality watering and mandatory mulching.
Moscow region and Central region of Russia
Risk factors: lack of moisture, frost
Ways to solve the problem: landing in late October - early November (rainy period). Mulching is designed to protect the seedling from frost.
Risk factors: wetland
Ways to solve the problem: landing in late October - early November (rainy period). Mulching is designed to protect the seedling from frost.
Risk factors: severe frosts and winds
Ways to solve the problem: you need to take care of wind protection - to correctly place the landing. All operations on the garden must be completed before the first frost. It is imperative to mulch the beds and put up shields for snow retention.
It will not be superfluous to remind once again - all varieties must be zoned. For example, southern large-fruited early varieties accustomed to droughts will die in conditions of high humidity in the North-West.
Correctly (and at the optimal time) planting carried out guarantees a good survival rate of seedlings and a quick spring start of growth processes.
Fall transplant errors
Try to avoid common mistakes that can occur when replanting blackberry bushes in autumn:
- The distance between bushes is the most common mistake newbies make. Too dense planting blocks the access of plants to light and nutrition, and also complicates the process of caring for the berry. The voids left behind bring a loss to the farm. Of no small importance is the type of blackberry, therefore, before purchasing planting material, you should familiarize yourself with the requirements of agricultural technology of a particular variety.
- Inexperienced gardeners make a gross mistake by feeding organic blackberries in the fall. (unripe manure, bird droppings). This threatens the freezing of shoots and the growth of pathogenic flora under the covering material.
- Do not rely on high cultural immunity - although infrequently, seedlings are infected with fungi that cause gray rot, verticillosis and other ailments. Try to choose healthy and sturdy planting material.
- Take your time to install the blackberry supports. The trellis can be organized when there is a need for it - when the bushes are of sufficient size.
- A big mistake is driving in support pillars in the area of the site where the bushes grow. Instead, the plants themselves should be planted directly along the support structure.
- And another oversight lies in placing blackberries in a place where vegetable crops previously grew.
There are no special warnings for planting blackberries in the autumn. On the contrary, transplanting this season has many advantages.
Follow the above recommendations, and blackberry bushes will delight you with an attractive appearance and provide an opportunity to enjoy a fragrant and valuable berry.