Winemakers from Magarach: grape variety Livadia black
There are many people who are passionate about viticulture and winemaking not only in the southern regions. They are constantly looking for and sometimes find grape varieties that would be suitable for growing in their area. One of these finds was the black Livadia grape, which today is grown even north of the middle zone.
The creation of an outstanding breeder
The Livadiysky black variety was created at the Magarach Institute by an outstanding breeder, physiologist and grape geneticist, theorist and practitioner of viticulture, Pavel Yakovlevich Golodryga.
Breeder at work
The variety he bred is famous and especially loved by winegrowers and winemakers. Livadia black is unpretentious. Its fruits harmoniously combine sweetness and sourness, have an intense color of berries and juice, and a nutmeg aroma. Berries of this variety are ideal for making excellent wines for personal consumption and for sale.
What is good about Livadia black
Livadia black is a wine variety. It was bred by crossing the varieties Magarach 124–66–26 and Metru Vaagas. Bushes of medium vigor. The flowers of this grape are bisexual. Cylindrical small clusters with several wings have a low density. Ripe round or slightly elongated berries of Livadia are black and dark in color and covered with a dense prune bloom, which makes them appear gray-gray.
Pruin - a thin layer of wax covering the berries, protecting them from mechanical damage, adverse meteorological effects, moisture evaporation and damage by microorganisms. Thanks to the spring on the berries, they are less damaged during collection, transportation and storage. The leaves and shoots of grapes have the same protection.
The berries of Livadia black are sour-sweet to the taste. In the dessert wines made from them, you can feel the tones of chocolate, nutmeg, and prunes.
Livadia black - a famous wine variety
Livadia black in numbers
The bushes of this variety are of medium height, but require support. Livadia black grapes ripen, if we count from the time the buds start blooming, is from 130 to 140 days. This period is considered the earliest of the middle ripening periods.
Ripe bunches on the vine
The average mass of a bunch is small - about a quarter of a kilogram. The berries are also small, weighing 1.5–2 grams. But they have a unique taste and peculiar aroma, which are transmitted to the wines made from them, which received the maximum assessment of the tasters.
Berries, which are 90% juice, under appropriate weather conditions accumulate up to 20-26% sugar and 7-8 grams of acid per liter. There are 2-3 small seeds inside the grape.
Livadia black is resistant to frost down to -25 ºС and fungal diseases. The normal load on the bush is up to 30 eyes when pruning shoots with 2-3 buds.
Livadia black on his site
Of course, grown in the middle lane or in territories located further north, Livadia black will not be able to compete with the Crimean relatives in sugar content, but it is quite suitable for making good wine.
The Livadiysky black variety loves warmth and sun, therefore, the appropriate place for planting it on the site is chosen - the warmest and with maximum sunlight, supports are placed, mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil.
Further care of these grapes is traditional for any variety of these plants: regular timely watering and feeding, indispensable autumn pruning.
For ripening, only the best bunches are left on the vine, measuring their number with the age of the bush. Be sure to remove dry leaves. This is the prevention of diseases, and protection from insect pests, and additional lighting for berries.
Important: after the ripening of the bunches of Livadia black, the harvest must be collected in a timely manner, otherwise the berries will begin to crumble, and their quality, both in taste and in appearance, will significantly decrease.
After trimming Livadia black in the fall, it is removed from the support, bent to the ground and covered for the winter.
Despite the high resistance of this variety to fungal diseases, one should not forget about the possibility of the occurrence of diseases such as apoplexy, powdery mildew, white rot. There are also insects - weevils, aphids, woodworms, mosquitoes, worms - that can cause great harm to the crop and the plants themselves. The prevention of these disturbances in the normal life of the plant is:
- strict adherence to agricultural technology;
- timely application of the necessary fertilizers;
- removal of dry foliage and weeding;
- regular treatment of the vineyard with fungicides and insecticides.
Reviews of winegrowers and winemakers
Most winegrowers who grow Livadia black, and winemakers who use it, agree on the prospects of this variety. After all, most of the characteristics of this grape are positive and even excellent. But, undoubtedly, the farther north Livadia black is grown, the less one should expect the absolute embodiment of all its qualities.
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Description of the grape variety Livadia black
Among connoisseurs of quality wine, the black Livadia grape is especially recognized. It combines excellent aroma, large amount of juice and a high level of sugar content. All together, it makes it possible to produce amazingly tasty dessert wines from the fruits of this variety.
- general characteristics
- Bush characteristic
- Description of fruits
Description of the grape variety Livadia black
Description of the variety
Livadia black, early medium ripening. Bred in the nursery of the illegal armed group "Ampelos".
It has a bisexual flower, does not need additional pollinators.
Bunches of medium size, 200-300g, winged, of moderate density.
Berry 1.5-2 g black, rounded with prune. The taste is juicy, with a pleasant delicate aroma of nutmeg.
The juice content in berries is up to 90%.
The peduncle is easily detached.
Sugar content can reach 26% with an acidity of 7-9. At full maturity (ripens in 130-135 days), the sugar content and acidity decrease, so you should not overexpose the crop after ripening on the bushes. Otherwise, you can not only lose sugar and varietal taste, but also the appearance of the grapes.
When overripe, the berry may crumble.
Bushes in terms of growth force are medium. For ripening on one vine, we leave no more than 1.5 bunches set. When grown on a high stem, a dense planting is possible after 1.5 meters, in the conditions of eastern Ukraine, we plant it after 2-2.5 meters (see Planting grapes).
The bushes reach their greatest strength in the 4th year. By this time, they are able to withstand a load of 70 eyes.
While the bushes are young and not matured, pruning is carried out for 2-3 buds with a bush load of up to 30-40 buds (see Formation and pruning of a bush).
Initially, "Livadia Black" was bred and grown in the southern regions of Ukraine and Crimea.
Currently, it is grown throughout Ukraine, the main thing is to find a sunny, dry place for it. The frost resistance of the variety is registered at a level of -25 C. We must cover for the winter (see Shelter of grapes for the winter (video)).
|Selection||IAF "Ampelos", Ukraine|
|Parent form||(Megru Vagaas x Magarach 124-66-26)|
|Ripening period||130-135 days|
|The power of growth||Average|
|Bunch weight||200-300 g.|
|Berry weight||1.5-2 g.|
|Berry flavor||Light nutmeg|
|Berry color||The black|
|Disease resistance||Above average|
|Frost resistance||-25 ° C|
|Sugar content||up to 26%|
|Acidity||7-9g / l.|
|Used for cooking||Dessert wine|
|Tasting assessment||8 points|
When growing Livadia black, first of all, you need to follow the same rules as for ordinary grape varieties: choose the right place for planting, because these plants are very sensitive to soil. Since grapes are a sun-loving plant, it is undesirable to plant it in the shade, be sure to come up with a support for it. Constantly check for the presence of diseases and pests, if necessary, promptly and correctly eliminate problems. Also, do other operations on time - feeding, normalizing, pruning. Moreover, here, too, everything must be done to scrupulousness, because after an incorrectly carried out pruning, the plant may die (especially when it comes to pruning carried out before winter). Another very useful tip: do not let all the bunches ripen, remove the worst ones, otherwise it will badly affect the harvest in the future. The older the vine, the more bunches can be left, that is, there should be fewer of them on a two- and three-year-old vine than on a four-year-old. Also remove bad leaves, so you open up more sun for the fruit.
There are many grape varieties from which wine is made, suitable for growing in our area with our climatic conditions, but if you still settle for Livadia Black, you will not regret it.
Video "Black Livadia Grape"
The video shows the harvest of grapes of the Livadiysky black variety, as well as a brief description of the variety.